Somerset Historic Environment Record

Somerset Historic Environment Record

http://www.somersetheritage.org.uk/her-report.php

See Also http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/som/vol9/pp103-120

Notes
  1. Somerset County Council holds copyright and database right of the Historic Environment Record (HER) compiled data. The information may be freely used for private or commercial research but the source must be acknowledged.
  2. Information obtained from the HER must not be used to the detriment of the historic environment and the HER information may be withdrawn if this occurs.
  3. The information within the HER is of varying dates and origins. Whilst every effort has been made to compile an accurate record, it should not be regarded as definitive and the original sources should be consulted if necessary.
  4. There may be information concerning existing or newly discovered archaeological sites which have, as yet, not been added to the HER.
  5. The whereabouts of any artefacts, documentary sources, photographs or other material mentioned in the HER cannot be guaranteed.

Please contact us at historicenvironment@swheritage.org.uk if you have any queries.


15194: Flint scatter, W of Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 478 321 (347800,132100)
Details

A large number of flint tools, cores and waste flakes were recovered from a discrete area to the west of Dundon. The finds probably represent a Bronze Age occupation site. {1}

References

1 – Hollinrake, C and Hollinrake, N. Compton Dundon. In Dennison, E. Somerset Archaeology 1987.Somerset Archaeology and Natural History131 (1987), 203-231 at 210

Record first compiled on: 2002-01-03 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


15332: Medieval iron-working finds, South Moor, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 478 316 (347809,131604)
Details

Smithing debris, including slag and a quantity of iron stone together with late medieval pottery was found in a small area near the manorial boundary. {1}

References

1 – Hollinrake, C and Hollinrake, N. Compton Dundon. In Dennison, E. Somerset Archaeology 1987.Somerset Archaeology and Natural History131 (1987), 203-231 at 217

Record first compiled on: 2002-02-20 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


15562: Excavation (1989), Court Orchard, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 479 323 (347900,132300)
  • Public Access
  • It is unlikely that this work left any traces. Please check any linked sites for visibility and access. Otherwise please assume that this land is private. (Last checked on 21 May 2003)
Details

A research and training excavation was undertaken by C. & N. Hollinrake in conjunction with Strode College at Court Orchard, Compton Dundon. A 6m x 2m trench was cut across a boundary bank and a large number (600+) of pottery sherds was recovered. The pottery ranged in date from the late-C10 to early-C11 through to the C20. No prehistoric or Roman sherds were identified; 21 flints were recovered of which 5 were worked tools. The majority of the pottery dated from the late-C12 to C14. The excavated evidence suggests that there was a substantial medieval site, perhaps manorial, in close proximity to Court Orchard. Thanks are due to Mr F. Vining, Mr D. Taylor, Mr T. Longman, Mr P. Smith and the students of the Strode College course. {1}

The NGR given, ST479323, seems unlikely as it lies in some farm buildings. {2}

References

1 – Hollinrake, C and Hollinrake, N. Compton Dundon, Court Orchard. In Bradbury, J and Croft, RA. Somerset Archaeology 1989. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History133 (1989), 157-185

2 – Verbal communication, Webster, Chris. Somerset HER (16/07/2002) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

3 – Museum Accession Number, TTNCM 78/1993. Stored in Museum collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

Record first compiled on: 2002-07-16 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


15636: Second World War Auxilliary Unit base, Combe Hill, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 501 332 (350100,133200)
Details

An Auxiliary Unit base survives in poor condition as a depression containing several pieces of H-section girder. Heavy gauge corrugated iron was also present but was removed in the 1970s. {1}

References

1 – Site visit report, Wray, T (Tim). Defence of Britain Project (18/7/2002). Location: HER file.

Record first compiled on: 2002-09-03 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


16671: Rifle range, NE of Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 497 332 (349713,133299)
Details

A half-inch to the mile OS map, purchased in 1958 but dated 1916 (reduced from from 1903 -1908 1-inch maps) shows a rifle range. {1}

The range is shown on the OS second edition (surveyed in the 1880s) with “Targets” at the SE end and markers to 700 yards. {2}

Not shown on the same map as revised in 1928. {3}

References

1 – Hunt, D (David), email to Somerset HER (13/1/2004) Location: Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

2 – Downes, R (Robin), email to Somerset HER (22/7/2004) Location: Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

3 – Verbal communication, Webster, Chris. Somerset HER (23/07/2004) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

Record first compiled on: 2004-01-13 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


17615: Withies Cottage, Compton Street, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 492 332 (349274,133292)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: WITHIES COTTAGE (Historic England number: 1031544)
Details

House. Circa late C15; remodelled C17 and with C20 alterations. Coursed stone rubble. Thatched roof with gabled ends. Gable-end stack with brick shafts; axial stack truncated. PLAN: In C17 a 2-room plan house was formed from a late Medieval open hall, of which three bays of its roof survive. It appears that the low [W] end of the Medieval house has been truncated and it is uncertain whether it extended further at the high [E] end. The C17 remodelling involved inserting floors in the open hall to form a 2-room plan with a central entrance and with chamber above; the left [W] room was the kitchen with a smoking-chamber, oven and a stair turret projection at the back; the right [E] room was the parlour, also with a gable-end fireplace; in the front right-hand corner there is a newel staircase. Attached to the right [E] end there is a large outbuilding which has been incorporated into the house accommodation. EXTERIOR: 2 storeys. Asymmetrical 3:3 window south front. The 3-window range on the left is the original house; C20 2-light casements with glazing bars, first floor with eyebrow eaves; ground floor centre a blocked doorway. 3-window range on right is converted outbuilding with C20 casements, dormers and doorway on left with thatched canopy. At rear, north, rectangular projecting stair turret on right. INTERIOR: Former kitchen on left [W] has gable-end fireplace with low slightly cambered chamfered timber bressummer with cyma stops, smoking-chamber, brick-lined oven with cast-iron door, and to right a blocked stair turret. Former parlour on right [E] has fireplace with chamfered stone jambs and chamfered cambered bressummer with step stops. Both rooms have deeply chamfered axial and cross-beams and chamfered beams set in front and back walls. Front right [E] corner has a stair turret with wooden newel staircase with solid timber treads. Left [W] chamber has small C17 fireplace with chamfered cranked bressummer. 3-bay late Medieval roof with three side-pegged jointed cruck collar trusses; the two centre hall trusses with chamfered arch-braces with diagonal stops: chamfered trenched purlins with hollow-step stops, chamfered curved wind-braces and diagonally set ridgepiece; common-rafters intact; all smoke-blackened from open-hearth fire, but the thatch replaced. {1}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): 3rd amendment of 66th List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset. (8/12/1997). Copy available in HER file.

2 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

Record first compiled on: 2005-01-27 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


19561: Milestone, ST 4908 2997, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 490 299 (349082,129972)
  • Public Access
  • This site is accessible by the roadside but may be dangerous to visit. (Last checked on 3 January 2006)
  • Part of
  • Eighteenth-century Turnpike road, Street Cross to Somerton (26081)
Details

‘M.S.’ and ‘Glastonbury 6 1/4, Somerton 1’ shown on Ordnance Survey map of c1904. {1}

Not shown on recent map. {2}

References

1 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Second Edition map County Series (Somerset) sheet: 90.1 (1904)

2 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 National Grid Series map sheet: seamless digital mapping (2006)

Record first compiled on: 2006-01-03 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


19562: Milestone, ST 4937 3147, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 493 314 (349372,131474)
  • Public Access
  • This site is accessible by the roadside but may be dangerous to visit. (Last checked on 3 January 2006)
  • Part of
  • Eighteenth-century Turnpike road, Street Cross to Somerton (26081)
Details

‘M.S.’ and ‘Glastonbury 5 1/4 , Somerton 2’ shown on Ordnance Survey map of c1904. {1}

Not shown on recent map. {2}

References

1 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Second Edition map County Series (Somerset) sheet: 90.1 (1904)

2 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 National Grid Series map sheet: seamless digital mapping (2006)

Record first compiled on: 2006-01-03 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


19563: Kennels, Wickham’s Cross, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 505 326 (350515,132665)
  • Public Access
  • We believe that this site is on private land and should not be visited without the owner’s permission. (Last checked on 3 January 2006)
Details

‘Kennels’ shown on Ordnance Survey map of c1904. {1}

Building extant on recent map. {2}

References

1 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Second Edition map County Series (Somerset) sheet: 90.1 (1904)

2 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 National Grid Series map sheet: seamless digital mapping (2006)

Record first compiled on: 2006-01-03 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


19564: Baptist Chapel, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 489 329 (348979,132906)
  • Public Access
  • We believe that this site is on private land and should not be visited without the owner’s permission. (Last checked on 3 January 2006)
Details

‘Baptist Chapel’ shown on Ordnance Survey map of c1904. {1}

‘Chapel Lodge’ noted on recent map, presumably converted to a private dwelling. {2}

Coronation Hall, the converted Baptist chapel, was sold in 2000. {3}

References

1 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Second Edition map County Series (Somerset) sheet: 90.1 (1904)

2 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 National Grid Series map sheet: seamless digital mapping (2006)

3 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

Record first compiled on: 2006-01-03 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


19565: Milestone, ST 48883298, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 488 329 (348884,132975)
  • Public Access
  • This site is accessible by the roadside but may be dangerous to visit. (Last checked on 3 January 2006)
Details

‘M.S.’ and ‘Glastonbury 4 1/4, Somerton 3’ shown on Ordnance Survey map of c1904. {1}

Not shown on recent map. {2}

References

1 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Second Edition map County Series (Somerset) sheet: 90.1 (1904)

2 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 National Grid Series map sheet: seamless digital mapping (2006)

Record first compiled on: 2006-01-03 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


19566: Mission Hall, Ham Lane, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 483 327 (348341,132741)
Details

‘Mission Hall’ shown on Ordnance Survey map of c1904. {1}

Exact location uncertain. {2}

Registered as a Wesleyan mission hall in 1887. A new organ was installed in 1942 but the chapel closed by 1949. It was sold c.1956. {3}

References

1 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Second Edition map County Series (Somerset) sheet: 90.1 (1904)

2 – Verbal communication, Bagwell, T (Talya). Somerset County Council, Historic Environment Record (03/01/2006) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

3 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 120).

Record first compiled on: 2006-01-03 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


19567: Fieldwalking (1986), Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 476 321 (347634,132126)
  • Public Access
  • It is unlikely that this work left any traces. Please check any linked sites for visibility and access. Otherwise please assume that this land is private. (Last checked on 3 January 2006)
Details

Fieldwalking was undertaken over a number of years by Strode Archaeology Society on various fields within the parish of Compton Dundon. Material from a range of archaeological periods was recovered. {1}

References

1 – Anon. Fieldwalking Record Form.  (1986) with notes and plans. Copy in HER file.

2 – Anon. Dundon Beacon Nature Resrve: An Archaeological and Historical Summary.  Unpublished Strode College report (not dated) Copy in HER file.

3 – Museum Accession Number, . Stored in Unknown or non-existent.

Record first compiled on: 2006-01-03 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


19568: Cropmark, Littletone, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 492 311 (349286,131145)
Details

An aerial photograph taken inn late July 1990 shows a possible hut circle, with part of another beside it, in a field adjacent to the Littleton villa site (PRN 53765), the features showing as rings of parched grass in a field of recently mown grass. The clearest parched ring, 12m in diameter, was later surveyed by members of the Strode Archaeological Society. {1}

The 1946 RAF aerial photographs show a structure in close proximity to this area which may have a bearing on the origin of these marks. {2}

References

1 – Stokes, P. Aerial Photographs 1990.  (1990) Unpublished typescript. Copy in HER file 15968.

2 – Verbal communication, Bagwell, T (Talya). Somerset County Council, Historic Environment Record (09/01/2006) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

Record first compiled on: 2006-01-09 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


22512: Laws Farmhouse, Compton Street (Northeast side), Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 492 333 (349201,133365)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: LAWS FARMHOUSE (Historic England number: 1392646)
Details

Former farmhouse of C17 date with mid-C19 additions and C20 and early-C21 alterations. MATERIALS: It is constructed of coursed local lias stone with brick end stacks, a central ridge stack, and a further one to the outshut. The ridge stacks appear to have been largely rebuilt and the windows and doors are late-C20/early-C21 replacements. The roof is clad with clay tiles, but was formerly thatched. The lean-to against the east gable end has a slate roof. PLAN: It comprises a two room plan with cross passage, together with a former service room with loft above in the outshut to the rear (north). The outshut was extended in the mid-C19 when a cider cellar was added at its west end. A single storey lean-to, formerly a dairy, was also added against the east gable. EXTERIOR: The south elevation has a central entrance door, now enclosed within a C20 porch, flanked by flat-headed window openings to the ground floor, and smaller two-light windows at first floor. To the rear (north), there is a catslide roof of clay tiles over the outshut which has a central entrance door with two windows to either side. Built against the east elevation is a single storey addition with a hipped slate roof. Its walls are rendered and there is a late-C20 window and a doorway in the east elevation. The west gable wall has been rendered. INTERIOR: The cross passage retains a horizontal top rail to the left side and a short section of plank and muntin screen to the right. At the north end is a door (reversed) with mid-C17 strap hinges. In the right hand room is a large inglenook fireplace with a chamfered timber bressumer on stone chamfered jambs and a chamfered ceiling beam and, in the outshut beyond is a further large open hearth; the south side of the fireplace composed of a single slab of stone. The room to the left of the passage has a C20 fireplace. At first floor in the east part of the house is a moulded stone fireplace, a chamfered ceiling and a re-sited length of timber screen; in the west half there is a C19 fire surround. The roof structure comprises collared trusses with trenched purlins, though some of the latter have been renewed and the rafters replaced. A modern roof has been superimposed over the historic timbers. HISTORY: Documentary sources indicate that there has been a farm on the site since the C14 when it formed part of the Milbourne Estate and was bought by the Strangways family in 1691. The Laws name is considered to derive from the family who occupied the property in the mid-C18. SOURCES: J. Dallimore, Laws Farmhouse, Compton Street, Compton Dundon (2001), upublished. Somerset Vernacular Building Research Group. REASON FOR DESIGNATION: Laws Farmhouse is listed at Grade II, for the following principal reasons: * Despite C20 and early-C21 alterations, there is a significant proportion of pre-1700 fabric * The C17 plan-form remains legible and adds to our understanding of domestic vernacular architecture of this date * Surviving internal features include open fireplaces, exposed chamfered beams, some joinery and principal roof carpentry * The construction is of good quality and is representative of the vernacular traditions of the area {1}

Former farmhouse of C17 date with mid-C19 additions and C20 alterations. MATERIALS: It is constructed of coursed local lias stone with brick end stacks, a central ridge stack, and a further one to the outshut. The stacks appear to have been largely rebuilt and the windows are modern replacements. The roof is clad with clay tiles, but was formerly thatched. The lean-to has a slate roof. PLAN: Report states that it comprises a three room plan with a cross passage, together with a former service room with loft above in an outshut to the rear (north). The outshut was extended in the mid-C19 when a cider cellar was added at its west end. A single storey lean-to, formerly a dairy, was also added against the east gable. EXTERIOR: The south elevation has a central entrance door, now enclosed within a C20 porch, flanked by flat-headed window openings to the ground floor, and smaller two-light windows at first floor. To the rear (north), there is a catslide roof of clay tiles over the outshut which has a central entrance door with two windows to either side. Built against the east elevation is a single storey addition with a hipped slate roof. Its walls are rendered and there is a late-C20 window and a doorway in the east elevation. The west gable wall has been rendered. INTERIOR: Not inspected, but reported are chamfered beams with stop and run outs; a fireplace with oven in the east gable; mid-C17 strap hinges to a door at the north end of the cross passage; timberframed rear wall with stone infill separating east end of outshot; and a fireplace with cambered bressumer in the outshut. The roof structure is described as comprising tie beam and collared trusses with a pair of trenched purlins to each side. A modern roof has been superimposed over the historic timbers. HISTORY: Documentary sources indicate that there has been a farm on the site since the C14 when it formed part of the Milbourne Estate and was bought by the Strangways family in 1691. The Laws name is considered to derive from the family who occupied the property in the mid-C18. SUBSIDIARY FEATURES: The associated farmstead immediately south east of the house dates from the mid-C19 and has been converted to residential use. SOURCES: J. Dallimore, Laws Farmhouse, Compton Street, Compton Dundon (2001), upublished. Somerset Vernacular Building Research Group. REASON FOR DECISION: Laws Farmhouse is listed at Grade II, for the following principal reasons: * This house dates from the mid-C17, and retains its historic plan form and fabric * It preserves a good proportion of historic fabric in a range of local vernacular building materials * The construction is of good quality and is representative of the vernacular traditions of the area {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): 7th amendment of 66th List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (5/11/2008). Copy available in HER file.

2 – List entry (possibly not current): 6th amendment of 66th List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (15/7/2008). Copy available in HER file.

Record first compiled on: 2008-07-21 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


26081: Eighteenth-century Turnpike road, Street Cross to Somerton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 490 330 (349011,133016)
  • Comprises
  • Milestone, east of Ivy Thorne Hill, Street (18712)
  • Milestone, ST 4908 2997, Compton Dundon (19561)
  • Milestone, ST 4937 3147, Compton Dundon (19562)
  • Cary Bridge, Somerton (54536)
Details

A turnpike road of the Langport Trust, turnpiked in 1753. No changes are apparent. {1}

References

1 – Bentley, JB and Murless, BJ. Somerset Roads: The Legacy of the Turnpikes. Phase 1 – Western Somerset.  (1985) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

Record first compiled on: 2007-11-07 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


26085: Eighteenth-century Turnpike road, Pedwell to Kingweston

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 484 334 (348405,133458)
Details

A turnpike road of the Langport Trust. The northern end from ST442363 to ST 527307, was turnpiked in 1778. The extension south to Kingweston was turnpiked in 1792 but was disturnpiked before 1830. By 1857 the whole length had been disturnpiked. At Kingweston the road was closed when the park at Kingweston House was extended southwards. The formation of the road can still be seen running through the wood from the bend at ST518314, between side ditches about 21 feet apart, centre to centre. {1}

References

1 – Bentley, JB and Murless, BJ. Somerset Roads: The Legacy of the Turnpikes. Phase 1 – Western Somerset.  (1985) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

Record first compiled on: 2007-11-07 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


28549: Excavation (1951, 1952), Littleton Roman villa, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 491 310 (349179,131044)
  • Public Access
  • It is unlikely that this work left any traces. Please check any linked sites for visibility and access. Otherwise please assume that this land is private. (Last checked on 28 July 2010)
  • Part of
  • Roman villa, Littleton, Compton Dundon (53765)
Details

A second season of excavation was undertaken at Littleton Roman villa. Four trenches, each 4ft wide, were cut across the main block of the villa, which faced south onto a large rectangular courtyard. The sections revealed an earlier Roman building with stone foundations under the central part of the block and earlier, apparently late iron age, occupation. {1}

The evidence so far suggests that the villa discovered by Hassall was built about 300 but that it overlay an earlier building with mosaic floors and painted walls dated to the early C2. Beneath one floor a small circular storage pit with a domed roof contained C1 pottery of native character. Traces of a still earlier iron age settlement dating to C4 or C3 BC were also found. {2}

The native settlement under the Roman villa was further examined. The later settlement had the character of a village covering an area of over 20 x 30m. It contained a round house over 10m in diameter with an inner ring of posts. It appeared to start in the mid C1 AD and perhaps continued until replaced by the first villa in the second quarter of C2. The latest house appeared to comprise two blocks joined by walls to form a courtyard. {3}

The second season of work concluded after two weeks. The prehistoric settlement contained a large round house with 8 or 9 internal posts. Outside were a number of pits and working areas. The pits ranged from 1 to 1.2m deep but could not be completely excavated because of ground water; the sides were found to be unweathered. The backfill included fragments of clay ovens and ashy waste as well as pottery. The earliest pottery was early Iron Age, probably C3 BC but there seemed to be a gap in occupation until the C1 AD when the hut was constructed. {4}

References

1 – Radford, C A R. The Roman Villa at Littleton.  (c.1953) Unpublished duplicated typescript. Copy in HER file. HER digital source: 22598.

2 – Anon. Roman Britain in 1951. Journal of Roman Studies, 42 (1952), 86-109 (98).. Copy available in SANHS library at Somerset Heritage Centre.

3 – Anon. Roman Britain in 1952. Journal of Roman Studies, 43 (1953), 104-32 (123-24).. Copy available in SANHS library at Somerset Heritage Centre.

4 – Anon. Excavations at a pre-Roman site. The Times, (21/10/1952), 2. Copy available in HER file.

5 – Museum Accession Number, TTNCM 52.A.77. Stored in Museum collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

Record first compiled on: 2010-07-28 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


28550: Geophysical survey (1993), Littleton Roman villa, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 491 310 (349160,131067)
  • Public Access
  • It is unlikely that this work left any traces. Please check any linked sites for visibility and access. Otherwise please assume that this land is private. (Last checked on 28 July 2010)
  • Part of
  • Roman villa, Littleton, Compton Dundon (53765)
Details

Magnetometer and resistivity surveys were undertaken on the site of Littleton Roman villa (PRN 53765) in 1993. The survey results were disappointing due to unfavourable ground conditions at the site. These restricted the area available for survey and reduced the clarity of the resistance results. The surveys confirmed the general location of the villa, but did not add to the interpretation of the building or its wider setting. {1}

References

1 – Gater, J. Report on Geophysical Survey: Littleton, Somerset.  Unpublished GSB Prospection report No: 93/20 (1993) Copy in HER file. HER digital source: 22599.

Record first compiled on: 2010-07-28 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


28557: Watching brief (1997), water pipe trench, Dundon Hillfort, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 483 322 (348386,132294)
  • Public Access
  • It is unlikely that this work left any traces. Please check any linked sites for visibility and access. Otherwise please assume that this land is private. (Last checked on 18 August 2010)
  • Part of
  • Dundon hillfort, Compton Dundon (53760)
Details

Controlled excavation of a water pipe trench where it passed through the rampart of Dundon hillfort (PRN53760) exposed the earliest dumped stone deposits at the base of the bank. Burnt timbers, assumed to represent the framework supporting the stone rampart, were recorded and samples of this material were recovered for radiocarbon dating. A relatively thick clay deposit overlying the rubble stone was interpreted as a later phase in the defences. A spread of worn cobbles was sealed below the rear of the rampart and this is tentatively interpretaed as a pre-hillfort feature. {1}

References

1 – Hollinrake, C and Hollinrake, N. An Archaeological Excavation of a Water Pipe Trench on Dundon Hillfort, Compton Dundon, Somerset.  Unpublished C and N Hollinrake report No: 100 (1997) Copy in HER file.

2 – Museum Accession Number, TTNCM 63/1997. Stored in Museum collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

3 – Hollinrake, C and Hollinrake, N. Compton Dundon, Dundon Hillfort. In Webster, CJ and Croft, RA. Somerset Archaeology 1997. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History141 (1997), 171-192 at 177

Record first compiled on: 2010-08-18 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


29212: Walnut Tree Cottage, Ham Lane, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 487 328 (348703,132816)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: WALNUT TREE COTTAGE (Historic England number: 1393537)
Details

Cottage. Mid-C18 with later C18 and C19 non-domestic additions. MATERIALS: It is built of painted, coursed blue lias rubble under a thatched roof with a rebuilt end (east) chimneystack of red brick. The windows are two-light timber casements of various dates; those to the ground floor of the south elevation are C19. In the west gable wall of the cottage, visible within the lean-to, is a lancet window with stone surround that is probably medieval in date and has been re-sited here. PLAN: Originally a two-bay cottage of one and a half storeys to which a two bay, single storey structure was added at its west end prior to 1800. The building is rectangular on plan and orientated west-east. At the western end is an attached lean-to which appears to have been added in the C19. EXTERIOR: The roadside elevation has an off-centre doorway to the right with a casement window to the left-hand bay. The garden (south) elevation has a wide, central doorway to the original, eastern half of the cottage which is flanked by casement windows. There are two further windows set under eyebrows in the eaves. To the left (west) are C20 French doors and a casement window, both with concrete lintels. At the far left (west) end, a wide doorway with plank door provides access into the lean-to INTERIOR: The eastern part of the cottage was the original dwelling, consisting of a living room and a smaller room, though they now form one large room. A good proportion of C18 features survive here such as the large fireplace with timber bressumer, large ceiling beams with thin chamfering and a stone winder staircase adjoining the fireplace. Although altered, the original form of the hearth remains evident and it retains a re-sited cast iron fireback of 1538. The attic floor has been divided into two adjoining rooms. The interior of the western half of the cottage has few historic features, though this is consistent with it having originally served a non-domestic function. The roof carpentry in both halves of the building is similar, and is formed of trusses consisting of principal collared rafters (though that in the western half has lost its collar) with single rows of staggered purlins and it is all pegged. SUBSIDIARY FEATURES: To the south-west of the cottage is a series of outbuildings which is depicted on the 1886 Ordnance Survey map. They are built of coursed rubble stone and include a former earth closet and the remains of several pigsties. HISTORY: The cottage is shown on a map of Compton Dundon of circa 1790, set within a sizeable plot of ground. Documentary sources indicate that during the 1750s plots of land within the parish were being enclosed for cottages and it is likely that this included the land to the south of Ham Lane. Certainly on stylistic evidence, Walnut Tree Cottage dates from the mid-C18 and was subsequently extended by two bays at its western end, probably in the latter part of the C18. This later addition is believed to have initially served a non-domestic use, possibly as a barn or stable; it has now been incorporated into the cottage. By the time of the first edition of the Ordnance Survey map in 1886, a small addition is shown on the north side of the cottage; this is no longer present on the 1923 map. SOURCES: Enclosure Awards and Plans of Compton Dundon (c.1790), Somerset Record Office, D\RA/9/5 Dunning, R W, editor, A History of the County of Somerset: Glastonbury and Street, Vol. IX (2006), 105-112 REASON FOR DESIGNATION: Walnut Tree Cottage is an C18 vernacular building that is designated Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Architectural interest: It is a good survival of a C18 cottage of modest proportions that is representative of the vernacular traditions of the area * Historic interest: The later C18 addition which originally served a non-domestic function adds interest to the building and provides evidence of its development * Internal features: There is a good survival of historic features such as the large fireplace, the winder stairs and original ceiling beams in place, as well a good proportion of joinery including its historic roof structure * Rarity: It conveys, in its exterior and the sparseness of interior spaces, an honest and legible expression of rural domestic accommodation of a very simple type that is vulnerable to change {1}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Amendment to the List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. (30/11/2009). Copy available in HER file. HER digital source: 21487.

Record first compiled on: 2010-01-12 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


31560: Watching brief (2011), St Andrew’s church, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 479 325 (347930,132541)
  • Public Access
  • It is unlikely that this work left any traces. Please check any linked sites for visibility and access. Otherwise please assume that this land is private. (Last checked on 2 December 2011)
Details

The excavation by machine of a trench for a drain was monitored. This located no features of archaeological interest being cut through natural clays for most of its length. The only finds were C19 and were not retained. {1}

References

1 – Smisson, RPM. St Andrew’s Church, Compton Dundon, Somerset: Archaeological Watching Brief Report.  (2011) Unpublished report. Copy in HER file.

Record first compiled on: 2011-12-02 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


32048: Observation (1995), Compton Street, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 491 330 (349102,133025)
  • Public Access
  • It is unlikely that this work left any traces. Please check any linked sites for visibility and access. Otherwise please assume that this land is private. (Last checked on 1 June 2012)
  • Part of
  • Medieval or post-medieval wall and pottery finds (32049)
Details

In May 1995, during the construction of Homefield Close, an unmortared lias wall running east-west was noted. Post-medieval pottery was observed to be scattered over the site and over 30 sherds of medieval pottery were collected. {1}

The pottery was deposited at the Somerset County Museum. {2}

References

1 – Historical source: (1995). Copy available in Archives and Records at Somerset Heritage Centre. Reference: A/AWI/31

2 – Museum Accession Number, TTNCM 90/1995. Stored in Museum collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

Record first compiled on: 2012-06-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


32049: Medieval or post-medieval wall and pottery finds

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 491 330 (349107,133014)
  • Fieldwork
  • Observation (1995), Compton Street, Compton Dundon (32048)
Details

In May 1995, during the construction of Homefield Close, an unmortared lias wall running east-west was noted. Post-medieval pottery was observed to be scattered over the site and over 30 sherds of medieval pottery were collected. {1}

References

1 – Historical source: (1995). Copy available in Archives and Records at Somerset Heritage Centre. Reference: A/AWI/31

2 – Museum Accession Number, TTMCM 90/1995. Stored in Museum collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

Record first compiled on: 2012-06-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


32210: Quarrying, Collard Hill, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 489 341 (348983,134145)
Details

Earthworks of quarrying on the SW face of the hill. Also lynchets and a trackway (PRN 53761). {1}

References

1 – Verbal communication, McDonnell, RRJ (Richard). Somerset County Council claylands aerial photo survey (1985) (ST4834A) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

2 – Aerial photograph. HSL UK 71 220 Run 49E 1923. (12/11/1971) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

3 – Aerial photograph. Cartographical Services Ltd 969 4684. (02/08/1981) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

Record first compiled on: 2013-05-15 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


32824: Watching brief (2015), Redlake Farm, Littleton, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 492 309 (349282,130987)
  • Public Access
  • It is unlikely that this work left any traces. Please check any linked sites for visibility and access. Otherwise please assume that this land is private. (Last checked on 30 April 2015)
  • Part of
  • Roman villa, Littleton, Compton Dundon (53765)
Details

Monitoring groundworks for three holiday lodges recorded no features or finds of archaeological significance. The foundations were too shallow to reach the natural and it is possible that features exist below this depth. {1}

References

1 – Orellana, J. Red Lake Farm, Littleton, Somerton, Somerset.  Unpublished Cotswold Archaeology report No: 15189 (2015) Copy in HER file. HER digital source: 37156.

2 – Museum Accession Number, TTNCM 24/2015. Stored in Museum collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

Record first compiled on: 2015-04-30 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


36009: Yonder Cottage, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 492 330 (349270,133046)
Details

Two storey house, consisting of two rooms with a single storey lean-to. The house is built of rubble lias stone with a tiled roof. The house was probably built in the late 18th century and the single storey lean-to was probably of non-domestic origin. The lean-to has been incorporated into the main house as part of the 20th century additions. {1}

References

1 – Data transfer from National Record of the Historic Environment (English Heritage). Record ID: 1384845 (27/4/2016).

Record first compiled on: 2016-04-27 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


36314: Orchard Leigh, Compton Street, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 491 329 (349125,132969)
Details

Has a traditional cross-passage plan. {1}

References

1 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

Record first compiled on: 2016-06-29 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


36315: Compton Randle, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 490 328 (349009,132805)
Details

Compton Randle has a traditional cross-passage plan. {1}

References

1 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

Record first compiled on: 2016-06-29 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


36316: Ivythorn Golf Course, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 487 342 (348770,134258)
Details

The Ivythorn Golf Club was established c.1898. There was a clubhouse in 1921 and the course is said to have remained in use until the Second World War. {1}

‘Golf Course’ marked on 1904 OS mapping. {2}

References

1 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

2 – Verbal communication, Dick, Ann. Somerset HER (29/06/2016) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

3 – McGarvie, M. Book of Street.  (1987), 144.

Record first compiled on: 2016-06-29 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


36317: Site of Compton Dundon manor house

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 478 325 (347896,132544)
Details

The manor house, which stood west of the churchyard, is recorded in 1287, and may have been rebuilt before 1343. Major alterations were carried out in the 1490s. It was described as utterly decayed in 1616, but a new house was built, apparently within the walls of the old hall. It was known as Court Hall until 1791 and was still standing in 1834, but probably a ruin by 1859. The manor site included at various periods a great barn, gatehouse and houses built within the gardens. The whole site was sold in 1866 and cleared to build a vicarage. {1}

References

1 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 108-109).

Record first compiled on: 2016-06-29 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


36318: The Castlebrook Inn, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 490 327 (349016,132744)
Details

The Castlebrook Inn probably originated as a beerhouse open in 1866 and known as the Inn in 1883. The building may have medieval origins. {1}

References

1 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 116).

Record first compiled on: 2016-06-29 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


36319: Site of beerhouse, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 489 327 (348973,132740)
Details

A beerhouse known as the Fox Hound or the Fox and Hounds opened by 1841 opposite the Castlebrook Inn. Renewal of its licence was refused in 1910. {1}

References

1 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 116).

Record first compiled on: 2016-06-29 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


37484: Late nineteenth-century quarrying, Worley Hill, Littleton, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 498 308 (349889,130890)
Details

Extensive area of quarrying shown on 1903 Ordnance Survey map. Shown identically on 1929 map so quarrying may have ceased before 1902 survey. The area is blank with the exception of a track running round it on the 1886 map so quarrying may just have started by then. No indication of anything on the 1842 tithe map. {1}

References

1 – Verbal communication, Webster, Chris. Somerset HER (29/3/2017) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

2 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 First Edition County Series (Somerset) map sheet: 63.11 (1886)

3 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Second Edition map County Series (Somerset) sheet: 63.11 (1903)

4 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Second Edition map County Series (Somerset) sheet: 63.11 (1929)

5 – Historical source: Compton Dundon tithe map. (1842). Copy available in Somerset Heritage Centre (digital image, fiche and originals). Reference: D/D/Rt/M/341

Record first compiled on: 2017-03-29 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


44996: Gypsum mine, Gilling Down, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 498 323 (349856,132395)
Details

A map in Dorset Record Office (D/FSI, box 1A/11, map 1815) shows a “plaster pit” at this location. There is a record of a disused plaster of paris quarry in the parish in 1340s. {1}

References

1 – Verbal communication, Siraut, Mary. Victoria County History of Somerset (09/11/2000) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

2 – Dunning, RW. The Hylle cartulary. Somerset Record Society, 68 (1968) (22).. Copy available in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

Record first compiled on: 2000-12-12 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


44997: Coal trial pit, Gilling Down, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 496 322 (349616,132269)
Details

In 1815 the Earl of Ilchester, under the advice of William Smith, sunk a trial shaft for coal at Compton Dundon. A depth of 175 yards was reached before being abandoned. {1}

The OS map of 1888 shows “Coalpit Lane” leading from Compton Dunon towards a depiction of earthworks resembling spoil heaps. {2}

The Tithe map records that the last (easternmost) field on the south side of the lane was called “Coal Pit” {3}

An area of old downland and erosion gullies on the western slope of Gilling Down was surveyed as part of a Countryside Stewardship Scheme application. The site of an early 19th century trial shaft for coal mining was found. Suggestions for the preservation and enhancement of the archaeological sites were put forward. {4}

References

1 – McMurtrie, J. On a boring at Puriton, near Bridgwater, in search of coal south of the Mendip Hills.Somerset Archaeology and Natural History, 57 (1911), 25-53 (30).

2 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:10,560 First Edition County Series (Somerset) map sheet: 63SE (1888)

3 – Historical source: Compton Dundon tithe map. (1842). Copy available in Somerset Heritage Centre (digital image, fiche and originals). Reference: D/D/Rt/M/341

4 – Hollinrake, C and Hollinrake, N. In Webster, CJ and Croft, RA. Somerset Archaeology 1994. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History138 (1994), 165-185 at 182

5 – Gould, S. Coal Mining in Somerset: An assessment of the surviving field remains, their significance and recommendations for future management.  Unpublished English Heritage report (2005) Copy in HER collections. HER digital source: 14730.

Record first compiled on: 2000-12-12 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51525: The Cottage, Compton Street, Compton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 491 330 (349146,133086)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: THE COTTAGE (Historic England number: 1307823)
Details

Cottage, formerly 2. C17, with later alterations. Local lias stone cut and squared, roughly coursed; thatched roof with plain gables; brick end and intermediate chimney stacks. 2 storeys for 3-bays, single storey with attic for 2-bays. 2-light casement windows of varying sizes and patterns, mostly with small-panes, that to upper-bay 1 set into roof; between-bays 1 and 2 a later pattern boarded door in deep recess, and earlier pattern boarded door in heavy frame to-bay 4; all openings have timber lintols. Interior not seen, but a report notes several features of interest in the one storey portion, including remains of hall, cross passage and kitchen and kitchen of a C16/C17 house; passage has rising cobbled floor and chamfered beam; hall has spiral stairs and fireplace of c1600; kitchen has stud and plank screen and various ceiling beams; upstairs wattle and daub partitions, but roof a C19 rebuild (VAG Report, Unpublished SRO, 1974). {1}

Kerris appears to date from the late 15th century. {2}

‘Kerris’ marked on current OS mapping. {3}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

3 – Verbal communication, Dick, Ann. Somerset HER (29/06/2016) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51526: Holly Cottage, Compton Street (East side), Compton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 492 333 (349266,133322)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: HOLLY COTTAGE (Historic England number: 1346013)
Details

Detached cottage. Early C19. Local stone cut and squared, roughly coursed; double Roman clay tile roof with simple verges; brick chimney stack with traditional baffle. 2 storeys, 5-bays. C19 2-light casements, mostly with horizontal glazing bars, upper windows to bays 1 and 3 only; boarded doors in plain openings to bays 3 and 5: Low roof, despite signs of having been raised. Interior not seen, but gives impression of humble cottage not much altered. {1}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262861. First Listed on 30/09/1985. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1346013 {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262861 (2005).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51527: Lamperts (formerly listed as Lamperts Cottage, Compton Street (East side), Compton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 493 334 (349335,133438)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: LAMPERTS (Historic England number: 1056735)
Details

Semi-detached cottage. Late C18. Local lias stone cut and squared; thatched roof with plain east gable; brick end chimney stacks. 2 storeys, the roof probably raised 3-bays. Small-pane 2-light casement windows with thin stone lintols below; to lower-bay 2 part-glazed early C20 door set in timber and thatched open porch. Interior not seen. Attached to Lilac Cottage (qv) on west side. {1}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262862. First Listed on 17/04/1959. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1056735 {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262862 (2005).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51528: Lilac Cottage, Compton Street, Compton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 493 334 (349334,133429)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: LILAC COTTAGE (Historic England number: 1307793)
Details

Semi-detached cottage. Late C18. Local lias stone cut and squared: thatched roof with coped west gable; brick end chimney stack. 2 storeys, 3-bays: set lower than Lamperts (qv), it may be of earlier build. 2-light mostly small-pane casement windows with timber lintols; central boarded door in deep recess under timber lintol: matching extension to rear. Interior not seen (undergoing renovation June 1984). {1}

Apparently late 15th century date. {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51529: Tray’s Farmhouse and attached outbuilding to north-west, Compton Street, Compton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 493 334 (349334,133480)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: TRAY’S FARMHOUSE AND ATTACHED OUTBUILDING TO NORTH WEST (Historic England number: 1346014)
Details

Farmhouse with former medieval chapel. C17 and C14. Local stone cut and squared with some Ham stone ashlar; plain clay tile roof with simple gable to house, clay pantiles with simple gables to outbuilding; brick chimney stacks. T-plan together. House 2 storeys, 4-bays with extension to south east gable. Casement windows, 2-light above and 3-light below, lower-bay 4 blank, all windows with horizontal glazing bars and timber lintols; to bay 2 a C19 part glazed door in heavy frame in plain opening. Extension set lower, with clay pantile roof, and a 3-light small-pane casement at both levels. Former chapel runs across north gable of house, with offset buttress on south corner of south west gable to full height, and a half height buttress of triangular plan to west corner: in south west gable two simple windows, the lower unglazed, with vertical iron bars: in south east return set high a small circular curvilinear traceried window: in north east gable at upper level the remains of a C14 traceried window with label, now a doorway; lower double doors: Lean to extension on north west face. Interior not seen. {1}

Apparently of high status, its three-bay hall range, incorporating an east service end, and separately-roofed fine west parlour wing form a T-plan. Moulded elements in Ham stone, notably a traceried oculus and the cusped head of another late 14th-century window, have been built into the masonry of the parlour wing. The hall range, which was floored in the late 16th century and extended east, was reduced in width in the mid-17th century. In the early 19th century both roofs were rebuilt and covered in clay tiles and, probably slightly later, the hall range was refenestrated. By 1842 the parlour wing had gone out of domestic use. {2}

Described in 1616 as a capital messuage and chief mansion house. It probably takes its name from the Somerton corn merchant, Thomas Trayne, who bought it in 1734 The main part has been rebuilt but an early cross wing survives, now non-domestic. This buttressed wing is probably of early 15th century date and has the remains of a two-centred window with cinquefoiled tracery, originally unglazed, and a small round window with four mouchettes. {3}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105, 110-111).

3 – Gilson, RG. In Historic Buildings Committee. Vernacular Architecture Notes 1988. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History132 (1988), 261-283 (specifically 237).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51530: Base of Cross, Compton Street, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 489 328 (348942,132885)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: BASE OF CROSS AT JUNCTION WITH B3151 (Historic England number: 1176697)
Details

Base of Wayside Cross. Probably C14. Ham stone. Two C20 circular stone steps of 2 metres and 1.5 metres diameter, both 300mm high, replacing four earlier steps; fragment of a circular top step survives, about 1 metre diameter and 175mm high, above is the socket, about 700mm square by 250mm high, the corners deeply broached: only about 300mm of shaft survives, the remainder destroyed ‘by some people in a drunken folic’ some time before 1877 (Pooley, Old Crosses of Somerset, 1877). {1}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262865. First Listed on 17/04/1959. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1176697 {2}

A wayside cross standing at the junction of the cross road which lead to Somerton, Glastonbury and Street. Originally four steps formed the calvary but only the top one is left, tolerably perfect. The stump of the shaft (destroyed some years ago) is fixed into the mortise with lead. The calvary was removed in 1926 and two new round steps substituted, the old base and shaft being set on top. Photo shows cross base before alteration. AO/64/107/1. The cross at ST48943288 is as described. See AO/66/102/1. 12 {3}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262865 (2005).

3 – Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 43 SE 8 (1966) Copy in HER file.

4 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 103).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51531: The Old Farmhouse (formerly listed as Croppers), Compton Street (west side), Compton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 491 332 (349195,133259)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: THE OLD FARMHOUSE (Historic England number: 1056736)
Details

Farmhouse. Circa 1700. Local lias stone cut and squared, Ham stone dressings; double Roman clay tile roof; one brick and one stone end chimney stacks. 2 storeys with attic, 3-bays. Hollow chamfered mullioned windows of 3-lights, the lower with separate labels; above modified with metal casements bays 1 and 2, and early 3-light timber casement bay 3; 2 flat-roofed dormer windows in mid roof-slope; to lower-bay 2 a boarded door in heavy ovolo mould frame with label over: at high level left of bay 1 small glazed stairlight: early leaded casements to attic gable end. Interior not seen. {1}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262866. First Listed on 17/04/1959. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1056736 {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262866 (2005).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51532: Tudor Cottage, Compton Street (West side), Compton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 493 334 (349309,133428)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: TUDOR COTTAGE (Historic England number: 1176704)
Details

Detached cottage. C17 with modifications. Local stone cut and squared, roughly coursed; Ham stone dressings; double Roman clay tiled roof with plain gables; brick end and intermediate chimney stacks, one rendered. 2 storeys, 3-bays. Small buttress in centre and plinth to-bays 3 and 4; ovolo mullioned windows with separate square labels, all 3-light except lower bay 1 which is 4-light; lower bay 2 blank; windows have metal casements with diamond leaded-panes: left of-bay 1 a boarded door in deep recess, up 3 steps, under concrete lintol, and to right a small 2-light ovolo window in different stone. C20 windows in west gable. Interior not seen. {1}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262867. First Listed on 17/04/1959. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1176704 {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262867 (2005).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51533: Willey’s Farmhouse and attached barns, Compton Street (West side), Compton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 491 332 (349177,133200)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: WILLEY’S FARMHOUSE AND ATTACHED BARNS (Historic England number: 1346015)
Details

Farmhouse and barns. C18. Local lias stone cut and squared; thatched roof with simple gables; brick end and intermediate chimney stacks. 2 storeys, 3-bays. Casement windows, 2-light small-pane below and upper-bay 2, small 3-lights upper-bays 1 and 3: between-bays 1 and 2 a 6-panelled door, set under timber and slated porch hood: long farm buildings extending from both gables, that to the south west having two boarded doors to the street, one stable pattern and one set high; the north east building is set at right angles to the house; both are single storey and thatched. Interior not seen. {1}

The farmhouse has a cross-passage plan. The barns are 17th century. {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51534: Lockyer’s Farmhouse, Emblett Lane, Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 479 323 (347920,132305)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II*: LOCKYER’S FARMHOUSE (Historic England number: 1307775)
Details

Farmhouse. C17 or earlier, with C20 additions. Local lias stone cut and squared with ashlar dressings; mostly thatched roof with plain verges and some coped gables, extensions have clay double Roman tiles and Welsh slate; brick and stone chimney stacks. T-plan with additions. 2 storeys, irregular fenestration. North elevation has variety of casement windows with central projection, against which is a lean-to extension. south elevation has, as main feature, a central coped gable which has a blocked central doorway, a first floor oriel window of 1+2+1-lights, ovolo moulded mullions, stepped stone roof, and in gable former attic window, now blocked, single-light ovolo mould with label over; later casements to earlier side at both levels, and to right 2 doorways of C19, one with porch hood. Extension on west has stone steps to first floor door on west gable and stable door on north side. Internally the house may have been divided formerly; features include an ovolo mould square headed doorway; door & spiral stairs to side of hall chimney stack, 4-panelled hall ceiling; also scroll stopped ceiling beams, wide undatable fireplace; at first floor small lateral fireplace with ovolo moulding and jambs shouldered forward into room. Part medieval roof has some smoke blackening (VAG Report, unpublished SRO, 1977). {1}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51535: Barn c.10 metres south of Lockyer’s Farmhouse, Emblett Lane (south side), Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 479 322 (347928,132279)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: BARN ABOUT 10 METRES SOUTH OF LOCKYER’S FARMHOUSE (Historic England number: 1056737)
Details

Barn. Probably C17. Local stone cut and squared; half hipped double Roman clay tiled roof. 5-bays, with loft at north end; projection on west side. north gable has doors to both levels, and a small 6-light ovolo mould mullioned timber window. Roof frame much altered, but basically double collar trusses with 2 purlins earch slope, some arched windbracing: central doors in long flanks; on west wall drive shaft for machinery, and cider press in north west corner; Keinton stone flag flooring. {1}

A late medieval barn. {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51536: Unnamed cottage about 35 metres south east of the junction with B3151, Ham Lane (North side), Compton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 489 328 (348914,132858)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: UNNAMED COTTAGE ABOUT 35 METRES SOUTH EAST OF THE JUNCTION WITH B3151 (Historic England number: 1307783)
Details

Detached cottage. C18. Local lias stone cut and squared, roughly coursed; thatched roof with undulating sweeps over upper windows, plain gables; brick chimney stacks with traditional baffles. L-plan. Single storey with attics, 4-bay east elevation to main road. 2-light casement windows with small leaded-lights set under timber lintols, upper bay 2 and lower bay 4 blank: on south elevation to Ham Lane random fenestration of 4 upper casements and 5 lower, all to match; entrance in west gable. Interior not seen. {1}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262871. First Listed on 30/09/1985. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1307783 {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262871 (2005).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51537: Hurst Farmhouse, Hurst Drove (West side), Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 480 330 (348032,133003)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: HURST FARMHOUSE (Historic England number: 1056738)
Details

Cottage. Probably early C19 with C20 addition. Local lias stone cut and squared; hipped thatched roof; brick chimney stack. 2 storeys, 2 bay south elevation. 2-light casement windows with horizontal glazing bars; C20 door and porch lower bay 2: tiled roofed lean-to against east gable and further extension to rear. Interior not seen; original section apparently little altered. {1}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262872. First Listed on 30/09/1985. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1056738 {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262872 (2005).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51538: Littleton House, Littleton Hill, Littleton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 492 304 (349223,130435)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: Littleton House and boundary walls to east and north-east (Historic England number: 1176736)
Details

An eighteenth-century and later detached house. {1}

Listing revised to exclude former farm outbuildings. {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Letter, Historic England, email to Somerset HER. (3/2/2017) Location: HER file. HER digital source: 40818.

Record first compiled at an unrecorded date, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51539: Bartlett’s Farmhouse, Littleton Lane, Littleton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 491 304 (349107,130489)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: BARTLETT’S FARMHOUSE (Historic England number: 1346016)
Details

Farmhouse. C18 and later. Local lias stone cut and squared; clay double Roman tiled roof, coped East gable, plain west; stone end and intermediate chimney stacks. 2 storeys, 4-bays. C19 small-pane casements to bay 1 and lower-bay 2, remaining upper windows earlier leaded casements; lower bay 3 has 20-pane sash window, and-bay 4 has boarded door with glazed panel; exposed tiber lintols to most openings, but label moulds over lower-bays 1 and 2. Interior not seen. {1}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 104).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51540: Manor House, Littleton Lane, Littleton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 492 304 (349236,130485)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: MANOR HOUSE (Historic England number: 1056739)
Details

Detached house. C17 and later. Local lias stone rendered, Ham stone dressings; double Roman clay tile roof, mostly with plain gables; stone chimney stacks. 2 storeys, 3-bays south elevation. Bay 1 is an angled 2 storey-bay of 1+3+1 wave and hollow chamfer mould mullioned windows, leaded below, with coped gables over on shaped corbel brackets; upper-bay 2 and lower-bay 3 have C20 steel casements with small panes, the former set into a plain pitched roof dormer; C20 part glazed door to lower-bay 2. Interior not seen. {1}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 108).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51541: The Old Tavern, Main Road, Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 489 329 (348910,132946)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: THE OLD TAVERN (Historic England number: 1176740)
Details

Inn now house. C17. Local lias stone cut and squared; thatched roof with plain gables; stone end and brick intermediates chimney stacks. ‘L’ plan. 2 storeys, 4-bays. 2 and 3-light small pane casement windows, bays 4 upper and 3 lower being blank, louvred shutters to lower windows; between bays 3 and 4 boarded door with large glazed panel set under semi-conical thatched hood. Single-storey thatched extension on north gable which may have been separate shop: north end clad in elm weatherboarding with small door and 9-pane bow window, with loft doors above. Interior not seen, but reputed to have plank and muntin partition. Formerly the Hare and Hounds Inn. {1}

Known as the Hare and Hounds by 1782, it was probably the establishment known earlier as The Inn. In c.1964 it became the Old Tavern tearoom and later a private house. It .has traditional cross-passage plan. {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51542: Redland Farmhouse, Main Road (East side), Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 493 317 (349324,131742)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: REDLAND FARMHOUSE (Historic England number: 1346017)
Details

Farmhouse. Late C18. Local lias stone cut and squared; clay pantiles on Mansard roof, between coped gables; brick end chimney stacks. 2 storeys with attic, 2-bay south elevation. 16-pane sash windows with voussoired flat heads, keystoned; lower-bay 2 converted to French doors. west gable has early C20 entrance door in deep plain recess; modern casements above at both levels; outshut to rear. Interior not seen. An unusual pattern for a house of this date in Somerset (VAG Report, unpublished SRO, 1982). {1}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262877. First Listed on 30/09/1985. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1346017 {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262877 (2005).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51543: Former Tithe Barn at Castlebrook Farm, Main Road, Compton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 489 327 (348948,132795)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: FORMER TITHE BARN AT CASTLEBROOK FARM (Historic England number: 1176753)
Details

Barn. Probably C15. Local lias stone cut and squared; thatched roof with plain gables. 4-bays. North elevation has C20 doors, bay 1 a slit opening to bay 2; stable door with heavy triangular arch headed chamfered frame to bay 3, and to bay 4 a loft door set into thatch. East gable has boarded left door, above which is a quatrefoil vent, and set to left a sculptured head; later extension against west gable. Inside, one raised cruck truss with arch-braced cambered collar. (VAG Report, unpublished SRO, 1972 and 1973). {1}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262878. First Listed on 17/04/1959. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1176753 {2}

Cruck trusses either side of the wagon entrance and arch-braced collar-beam trusses in the adjacent parts of the barn, similar to a barn at Queen Camel (PRN 32699). There are features of the masonry that suggest an earlier ecclesiastical ownership but this has not been established. {3}

The cruck roof of the barn was dendrochronologically dated to 1283-88AD {4}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262878 (2005).

3 – Hall, R de Z. A preliminary catalogue of cruck-roofed building in Somerset. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History, 114 (1970), 48-73 (No 4).. Copy available in SANHS library at Somerset Heritage Centre.

4 – Anon. Somerset Dendrochronology Project: Stage V: List of Properties sampled and felling dates (or date ranges) obtained.  (not dated) unpublished typescript. Copy in HER file 16623.

5 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51544: Lollover Cottage, Peak Lane, Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 479 323 (347987,132364)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: LOLLOVER COTTAGE (Historic England number: 1056740)
Details

Cottage. C17 and C19. Local stone cut and squared, roughly coursed; clay double Roman tile to north block, thatch to lower south block, plain gables; brick end chimney stacks. 2 storeys, with attic to north half; 2-bays each half. North block has small cross glazed casement windows with voussoired and keystoned flat arched heads, irregular arrangement; similar windows to south block, one above wide boarded door in heavy frame bay 3 and another to lower bay 4, then a lean-to with double Roman tiled roof. Interior not seen, but report speaks of south gable end fireplace with traces of ovens, also fragments of jointed crucks, and a bead-moulded stud and panel partition. (VAG Report, unpublished SRO, 1977). {1}

Retains indications of a late medieval hall. {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51545: The Old Rectory, Peak Lane, Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 480 323 (348007,132340)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: THE OLD RECTORY (Historic England number: 1176768)
Details

Cottage. Early C19 possibly incorporating earlier building. Local lias stone cut and squared; plain clay tile roof between coped gables; stone end chimney stacks. 2 storeys, 3-bays. Small-pane timber windows under timber lintols; 6-panel door to bay 2, set under timber porch hood on two plain posts; 2-storey, 2-bay extension, set lower, on east gable. Interior not seen. (VAG Report, unpublished SRO, 1977). {1}

The parsonage house was recorded in 1327. In 1650 it was of stone with a slate roof, with adjacent barn and stable. The present Old Rectory is the same house, apparently rebuilt shortly before that date and extended in the 18th- or early 19th century by the addition of a two-bayed extension to the east and the change to a tiled roof. The barn, standing in 1903, was a ruin by 1966. {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 110).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51546: Badger’s Cottage and attached outbuildings, Peak Lane, Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 480 322 (348007,132247)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: BADGERS COTTAGE AND ATTACHED OUTBUILDINGS (Historic England number: 1056741)
Details

Former farmhouse. C18 or earlier. Local stone cut and squared; thatched roof with plain gables; stone and brick centre chimney stacks. House has 2 storeys, 4-bays of irregular fenestration. 2-light cross glazed casement windows under timber lintol; between bays 1 and 2 and old boarded door in heavy frame; upper windows set into roof. Farm buildings, slightly lower, extend from each gable; that to south side having old stable door as well as a modern doorway. Interior not seen, but a report speaks of large gable fireplace on south side with later brick side oven; hall fireplace flanked by steep circular stone staircase with slit window, partition of wattle and daub; roof frame has some jointed crucks and part is smoke blackend (VAG Report, unpublished SRO, 1977). {1}

Appears to date from the late 15th century. {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51547: Church of Saint Andrew, Peak Lane (West side), Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 479 325 (347942,132528)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II*: CHURCH OF ST ANDREW (Historic England number: 1176782)
Details

Parish church. Early C14 chancel, remainder C15 with minimal C19 restoration. Local lias stone roughly squared with Ham Stone dressings; plain clay tile roofs between stepped coped gables with cross finials. 2 cell plan of 2-bay chancel and 4-bay nave, with west tower, south porch and north east vestry. Chancel has plinth, angled corner buttresses with offsets and central short buttress under east window, eaves course: east window has 5-lights with late geometric tracery of uneven clover-leaf pattern, under pointed arched label with headstops and a quatrefoil gable vent; north wall has 2 small cusped 2-light windows, one flat headed, one with quatrefoil in pointed arch with plain label; south wall has 2 windows similar to this last, and between them a moulded pointed arched doorway with curl stopped label. Nave has plinth,-bay buttresses, eaves course; on north cusped-light to pulpit recess, then three 3-light Perpendicular traceried windows in shallow coved recesses; in the third-bay no window, but blocked moulded pointed arched doorway; to south wall similar windows to 2 eastern bays, with additional small C17 window set high to east, and in same-bay a wall monument with hood and simple swag surround to Katherine Coombe, died 1729; western Window also 3-light, but tracery a mixture of reticulation and Perpendicular, under pointed arch label with plain stops; between these the simple south porch, with corner buttresses, coped gable and C15 moulded pointed arches to inner and outer doorways, the inner door of great age; rib and panel roof with ornate bosses, bench seats and stoup. North east corner vestry simple, with 2-light east window matching those of chancel. Tower of 3 stages; plinth, angled offset corner buttresses 2 storeys high, string courses with gargoyles to top course, battlemented parapet; offset rectangular projection 2 stages high on south east corner for stairs: moulded pointed arched doorway on west, with headstops to arched label; above in stage 2 a 3-light Perpendicular traceried window, and on south face a small rectangular window; to all faces of stage 3 are paired cusped light openings without labels to flat heads, fitted with stone baffles: pyramidal tiled roof with weathervane behind parapet. Chancel has some C19 work, including ceiling; C14 piscina linked to a 3 seater cusped ogee arched sedilia; east window has label internally with head stops; chancel arch probably C15, double chamfered orders running into plain chamfered jambs, with very wide low screen wall. Nave has moulded timber rib and panelled ceiling with ornate basses, forming slightly pointed vault; simple piscina in south wall; the former roof loft stair in north wall with semi-circular arched openings, also giving access to exceptional timber pulpit, dated 1628; panelled octagon, with integral baluster screen and tester; to west end some C15 pews with plain bench ends; in tower arch an octagonal font with plain bowl, shaft and base; by south door a stoup apparently linked to that outside in porch. Fittings include 2 chests, one possibly C14, one late C16. In floor two C17 Keinton stone slab memorials to John Clacey, died 1640, and Joye Barker, died 1637. {1}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262882. First Listed on 17/04/1959. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1176782 {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262882 (2005).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51548: Limbry monument in the churchyard, 4 metres south east of porch, Church of St Andrew, Peak Lane (South side), Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 479 325 (347941,132517)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: LIMBRY MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD, 4 METRES SOUTH EAST OF PORCH(Historic England number: 1346018)
Details

Chest tomb. C18. Ham stone with Keinton stone slabs. Moulded base; single-panel ends and 2-panel flanks with swag decorations to flanking pilasters, deep rudimentary frieze, and almost flat top with rounded edges. Commemorates John Limbry, died 1757, as well as — died 1671. {1}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262883. First Listed on 30/09/1985. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1346018 {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262883 (2005).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51549: Limbery monument in the churchyard 5 metres south east of Porch, Church of St Andrew, Peak Lane (West side), Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 479 325 (347942,132515)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: LIMBERY MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD 5 METRES SOUTH EAST OF PORCH, CHURCH OF ST ANDREW (Historic England number: 1176796)
Details

Chest tomb. C18. Ham stone with Keinton stone slabs. Moulded base; single-panel ends and 2-panel flanks with swag decoration to flanking pilasters; part carved frieze; almost flat top with rounded edges. Commemorates John Limbery, died 1758. {1}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262884. First Listed on 30/09/1985. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1176796 {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262884 (2005).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51551: Pickford monument in churchyard, 11 metres south east of porch, Church of St Andrew, Peak Lane (West side), Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 479 325 (347946,132511)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: PICKFORD MONUMENT IN CHURCHYARD, 11 METRES SOUTH EAST OF PORCH(Historic England number: 1346019)
Details

Chest tomb. C18. Ham and Keinton stone. Moulded base; single fielded-panel each end and flank, with coffer-panelled pilasters to flanks only; deep hipped top. Commemorates William Pickford, died 1763, and others of the family. {1}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262886. First Listed on 30/09/1985. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1346019 {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262886 (2005).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51552: Middle Farmhouse, Peak Lane, Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 479 323 (347978,132318)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: MIDDLE FARMHOUSE, WITH FRONT BOUNDARY RAILINGS AND GATE (Historic England number: 1307714)
Details

Farmhouse. C19. Local lias stone cut and squared; shallow pitch Welsh slate roof, with slates laid open (gaps to sides), plain gables; brick end chimney stacks. 2 storeys, 3-bays. 2-light small-pane casement windows with timber lintols to first floor and deep stone lintols below: central boarded door in heavy frame with timber and slate open porch: lean-to extension to both gables. Interior not seen. Front garden, about 2 metres deep, enclosed by railings on low stone base, looped tops, elaborate gate with curved upper and middle rails, adding to setting of house. {1}

Coombe Hollow, formerly Middle Farm, has a traditional cross-passage plan. Its barns are 17th- and 18th century. {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 105).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51553: Admiral Hood Monument, Reynald’s Way (South side), Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 495 338 (349592,133808)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II*: ADMIRAL HOOD MONUMENT (Historic England number: 1056743)
Details

Grade ammended to II* from II. Commemorative monument. Early C19. Ham stone. In form of Doric column on almost cuboid ashlar base set on two tall steps, the lower supporting a wrot iron railing enclosure; above column a dome/crown featuring sails and sterns of men-o’-war. Commemorates Sir Samuel Hood, Admiral (1762-1814); inscription on south face of base reads ‘This monument is dedicated/to the late Commander/by the attachment and reverence/of British officers/of whom many were his admiring followers/ in these awful scenes of war/in which while they call forth/the grandest Qualities of human nature/in him likewise gave occasion/for the exercise of its most amiable virtues/He died at Madras, December 24th 1814. {1}

Commemorative monument. Early C19. Ham stone. In form of Doric column on almost cuboid ashlar base set on two tall steps, the lower supporting a wrot iron railing enclosure; above column a dome/crown featuring sails and sterns of men-o’-war. Commemorates Sir Samuel Hood, Admiral (1762-1814); inscription on south face of base reads ‘This monument is dedicated/to the late Commander/by the attachment and reverence/of British officers/of whom many were his admiring followers/ in these awful scenes of war/in which while they call forth/the grandest Qualities of human nature/in him likewise gave occasion/for the exercise of its most amiable virtues/He died at Madras, December 24th 1814. {2}

On the inside of the dome at the top is written “Jacob Chapman, James Cornish, W Hunt.. Masons 1830”. The architect was Hentry Edward Goodridge. The entrance was sealed in about 1990. {3}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262888. First Listed on 17/04/1959. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1056743 {4}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): 2nd amendment of 66th List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (14/8/1995). Copy available in HER file.

2 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

3 – Verbal communication, Lillford, RC (Russell). Somerset County Council, Heritage Service (02/01/2002) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

4 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262888 (2005).

Record first compiled on: 2003-01-02 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


51558: Merrett monument in churchyard, 10 metres south east of Porch, Church of St Andrew, Peak Lane (West side), Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 479 325 (347944,132513)
LISTED BUILDING Grade II: MERRETT MONUMENT IN CHURCHYARD, 10 METRES SOUTH EAST OF PORCH(Historic England number: 1056742)
Details

Chest tomb. C17. Ham stone. Base buried; plain slab sides; chamfer coved thick flat top. Commemorates John Merrett, died 1640. {1}

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 262885. First Listed on 30/09/1985. English Heritage Unified Designation System Asset Number: 1056742 {2}

References

1 – List entry (possibly not current): Sixty-sixth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic interest: District of South Somerset (Somerset). (30/9/1985). Copy available in HER collections.

2 – Data transfer from Listed Buildings database, English Heritage. Record ID: 262885 (2005).

Record first compiled on: 1984-09-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53757: Church of St Andrew and churchyard, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 479 325 (347955,132520)
  • Public Access
  • We believe that this site is open to the public at advertised times. (Last checked on 13 December 2002)
Details

Graveyard in use since at least medieval times. {1}

An early C14 chancel. There is a Perpendicular west tower with battlements and low tiled pyramid roof. The nave windows are Perpendicular. There are many original fragments of stained gass in the nave windows. {2}

Inside the church there is a wooden board commemorating four members of the parish who died in WWII. There is also a brass plaque, formerly attached to a bier now in the County Museum, dedicated to the 6 of the parish who fell in WWI. {3}

St Andrew’s Church Generally rebuilt in the 15th century but retaining its aisleless plan and a remarkable early 14th century chancel. In normal use. {4}

The yew tree beside the church has been professionally estimated to be 1,700 years old, therefore the churchyard may be a pre-Christian site. The church was in existence by 1291. {6}

References

1 – Verbal communication, Aston, M (Mick). Somerset County Council (15/08/1977) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

2 – Pevsner, N. The Buildings of England: South and West Somerset.  (1958), 131. Copy in HER collections.

3 – Data transfer from National Inventory of War Memorials. Record ID: 30541, 30542

4 – Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 43 SE 18 (1966) Copy in HER file.

5 – Online information: Church of England church heritage record: 601146. (Accessed 22/07/2015).

6 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 117-119).

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53758: Tithe barn remains, opposite Lockyer’s Farm, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 480 323 (348060,132316)
Details

Remains of tithe barn, only buttressed S wall remaining. {1}

“Tithe Barn” printed on OSAD 6″ map. {2}

References

1 – Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 43 SE 20 (1966) Copy in HER file.

2 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:10,560 National Grid Series map sheet: ST43SE (1962)

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53759: Dundon Beacon, Dundon Hill, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 485 319 (348533,131991)
SCHEDULED MONUMENT Compton Dundon hillfort with Dundon Beacon, east of Dundon (Historic England number: 1014715)
  • Part of
  • Dundon hillfort, Compton Dundon (53760)
Details

“Dundon Beacon, Tumulus” printed on Ordnance Survey map. {1}

Was excavated by Hasell in c1831 who found a rude cist enclosing an inhumation in the kneeling posture, together with an urn containing a number of penannular rings, thought to be of tin, much oxidised, rather more than 0.75″ in diameter. The barrow is 30 paces diameter and 10ft high (Compton Dundon 1). May also have been a motte. {2}

Is a large ditchless bowl barrow. {3}

Prominent mound c25m diameter and 3m high located at the SE corner of the hillfort where the rampart changes direction from cE-W to N-S. {4}

The mound is ditched through the rampart on its N suggesting that it is of later date. It is possible that this is a Norman motte. The stretch of the hillfort immediately N of this is heightened to a 2m high bank apparently raised from a 6m wide terrace below, and this may represent a Norman reworking of defences with the intention of creating a motte and bailey castle. {7}

The mound takes the form of a truncated cone with a quarry ditch to the W. This is crossed by a causeway which appears to be fairly recent. The top of the mound is not quite flat and slopes gently to the S. It is uneven, probably as a result of recent interference and erosion. There is no obvious sign of Hasell’s excavation or of the trig point shown on the 1886 OS map. The suggestion that this is a motte is plausible but the causeway may suggest that it is a windmill mound. It may have also functioned as a beacon as suggested by the name. {8}

Scheduled as part of Compton Dundon Hillfort (PRN 53760). Scheduling revised with new national number (was Somerset 339) on 23 Dec 1996. {12}

References

1 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:10,560 National Grid Series map sheet: ST43SE (1962)

2 – Grinsell, LV. Somerset barrows, part 1: West and South. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History,113 (1969), Supplement (28).

3 – Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 43 SE 9 (1973) Copy in HER file.

4 – Site visit report, Anon. English Heritage Field Monument Warden (not dated). Location: HER file.

5 – Anon (Gray, H St G). Additions to the museum. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History, 89 (1943), 19-26 (20).

6 – Burrow, I. Hillfort and Hilltop Settlement in the First to Eighth Centuries AD.  (1981), 214. British Archaeological Reports 91.

7 – Preece, A. Dundon Beacon, mound on Dundon Hillfort.  (1993) unpublished Monuments Protection Programme fieldwork report for English Heritage. Copy in HER file.

8 – Newman, P and Riley, H. Dundon Hill Camp, Somerset.  (1994) unpublished Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England typescript. Copy in HER file 53760.

9 – Plan, map, drawing or other illustration, Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1:1000 earthwork plan. (1994) Drawing HBC 5/31/2. Copy in HER collections.

10 – Plan, map, drawing or other illustration, Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1:1000 overlay to earthwork plan. (1994) Drawing HBC 5/31/3. Copy in HER collections.

11 – Plan, map, drawing or other illustration, Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1:1000 overlay to earthwork plan. (1994) Drawing HBC 5/31/4. Copy in HER collections.

12 – Letter, English Heritage to Somerset County Council. (13/3/1997) Location: HER file 53760.

13 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 103).

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-28 15:00:55


53760: Dundon hillfort, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 484 321 (348455,132179)
SCHEDULED MONUMENT Compton Dundon hillfort with Dundon Beacon, east of Dundon (Historic England number: 1014715)
  • Comprises
  • Dundon Beacon, Dundon Hill, Compton Dundon (53759)
  • Fieldwork
  • Watching brief (1997), water pipe trench, Dundon Hillfort, Compton Dundon (28557)
Details

Univallate hillfort. On the north-west the bank has disappeared and there is only a scarp. Entrance was in the middle of the east side but has been much altered and destroyed by quarrying. {1}

Several flint flakes, a core and scrapers, also a few pieces of bronze age pottery were found by Arthur Bulleid on the surface within the camp in 1916. {4}

The interior rises gently towards the south. Defences consist of a slight bank running along the edge of the plateau with a pronounced terrace about 6m down the slope, perhaps a silted up ditch with counterscarp. Entrance gaps are present in two places on the east side, the north one being altered by quarrying and probably not original. The approach on this side is very steep and it seems probable that the entrance was on the west side. {6}

Old quarry in south part opened briefly in 1970s to provide building stone. {7}

There are also miscellaneous earthworks at ST 4825 3230, 50m to the north-west, which may be outworks. {8}

A slight univallate hillfort occupying the top of a hill. Defences vary from a scarp to a 2m high bank with outer terrace, but on average consist of a bank 0.4 – 1.0m high, atop a scarp in places. Earthworks have been affected in places by C19 hedge banks and by quarrying. Entrance uncertain – probably on east but obscured by quarrying. Outer scarps in places mainly under dense vegetation and not reachable. The slightness of the earthworks suggest the possibility of a date earlier than the Iron Age. Dundon Beacon (PRN 53759) on the south-east corner of the fort is a mound atop the scarp, ditched through the rampart on its N suggesting it is of later date. It is possible that this is a Norman motte. The stretch of the hillfort immediately north of this is heightened to a 2m high bank apparently raised from a 6m wide terrace below, and this may represent a Norman reworking of defences with the intention of creating a motte and bailey castle. {10}

The rampart consists of a single earthwork bank, varying in height between 0.5 and 2.5m, forming an irregular enclosure. Below the rampart the hillside is very steep, forming a natural defence and there is no signe of a ditch. Neither of the two abreaches of the rampart are likely to have been the original entrance which presumeably lay on the eastern side and has been destroyed by quarrying. The quarries appear on the 1886 OS map as of similar extent as today. The last recorded use was in 1925. {11}

Scheduling revised with new national number (was Somerset 339) on 23 December 1996. {13}

In 1997 a watching brief (PRN 28557) was carried out for a water pipeline through the hillfort’s rampart. This was at a point where it had been severely eroded on the north-west side by a track. The watching brief showed that the first defences consisted of a timber laced stone rampart that was subsequently burnt. A later phase of clay rampart overlaid this and there was a possble pre-rampart phase of worn cobbles. Small sherds of iron age pottery were recovered from the stone phase. The pipe trench was monitored where it might have cut an external ditch but nothing was seen next to the rampart. {14}

The S part has recently been cleared of coniferous trees and is beginning to regrow. It is intended to establish a calcareous grass cover grazed by sheep. A number of deciduous trees have been left but one has already blown over. To the N old grassland is being maintained with occasional trees. One has blown over revealing the rubble core of the rampart. {15}

Much as described in 1998. The ramparts remain stable under woodland and the interior is grazed by a small flock of sheep. Mowing of thistles and nettles contiues to improve the grassland. {16}

References

1 – Page, W. Victoria History of the County of Somerset.  Vol. 2 (1911), 490-1. Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

2 – Page, W. Victoria History of the County of Somerset.  Vol. 2 (1911), 491. Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

3 – Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 43 SE 15 (1967) Copy in HER file.

4 – Gray, H St G. Additions to the museum. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History, 62 (1916), lx-lxxx (lx).. Copy available in SANHS library at Somerset Heritage Centre.

5 – Museum Accession Number, . Stored in Unknown or non-existent.

6 – Burrow, I. Hillfort and Hilltop Settlement in the First to Eighth Centuries AD.  (1981), 214. British Archaeological Reports 91.

7 – Burrow, EJ. Ancient Earthworks and Camps of Somerset.  (1924), 84.

8 – Verbal communication, McDonnell, RRJ (Richard). Somerset County Council claylands aerial photo survey (1985) (ST4832) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

9 – Aerial photograph. HSL UK 71 220 Run 49E 1923. (12/11/1971) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

10 – Preece, A. Compton Dundon hillfort.  (12/7/1993) unpublished Monuments Protection Programme report for English Heritage. Copy in HER file.

11 – Newman, P and Riley, H. Dundon Hill Camp, Somerset.  (1994) unpublished Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England typescript. Copy in HER file.

12 – Plan, map, drawing or other illustration, Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1:1000 earthwork plan. (1994) Drawing HBC 5/31/2. Copy in HER collections.

13 – Letter, English Heritage to Somerset County Council. (13/3/1997) Location: HER file.

14 – Hollinrake, C and Hollinrake, N. An Archaeological Excavation of a Water Pipe Trench on Dundon Hillfort, Compton Dundon, Somerset.  Unpublished C and N Hollinrake report No: 100 (1997) Copy in HER file 28557.

15 – Site visit report, Graham, A (Alan). English Heritage Field Monument Warden (14/7/1998). Location: HER file.

16 – Site visit report, Graham, A (Alan). English Heritage Field Monument Warden (26/6/2000). Location: HER file.

17 – Newman, P. Compton Dundon, Dundon Hill and Beacon. In Webster, CJ and Croft, RA. Somerset Archaeology 1994. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History138 (1994), 165-185 at 172

18 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 103).

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53761: Field system, lynchets and trackway, Collard Hill, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 489 341 (348944,134105)
Details

The hill due N of the village seems to have a long line of earthworks running along parallel to, and just below, the brow of the hill and then turning NE towards a plantation or wood. {1}

These are medieval lynchets. {2}

The earthworks form lynchets, a trackway and quarrying (see PRN 32210) on the SW face of the hill. {3}

They continue on to the W side of the hill. {6}

References

1 – Burrow, EJ. Ancient Earthworks and Camps of Somerset.  (1924), 144.

2 – Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 43 SE 6 (1966) Copy in HER file.

3 – Verbal communication, McDonnell, RRJ (Richard). Somerset County Council claylands aerial photo survey (1985) (ST4834A) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

4 – Aerial photograph. HSL UK 71 220 Run 49E 1923. (12/11/1971) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

5 – Aerial photograph. Cartographical Services Ltd 969 4684. (02/08/1981) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

6 – Verbal communication, Stokes, P (Penny). Mendip District Council (20/03/1995) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53764: Roman villa, Littleton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 490 303 (349069,130386)
Details

In 1822 Mr Hasell found in his orchard what at first appeared to be three distinct Roman villas. Later discoveries led him to think that this was either one large villa or a village, because he found an area of 30 acres covered with buildings. The actual finds mentioned were foundations of walls of herring bone structures, bricks, tiles, coins, fragments of mosaics etc. VCH thinks that this is an exaggeration. Impossible to check as much of the area covered by modern building. Farmer has found nothing. {1}

The owners of Littleton House have recovered a ‘fairly extensive collection of pottery in their grounds, dating from the second to the fourth century, including a countersunk lug, and coin of Gallienus’ {3}

Earthworks and vegetational marks can be seen on APs. They comprise trackways enclosures and building platforms. These features may be associated with the “villa” site. {4}

The Roman road from Ilchester to Combwich (PRN 11831) lies approximately 200m to the east of the villa site. {7}

References

1 – Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 43 SE 12 (1966) Copy in HER file.

2 – Page, W. Victoria History of the County of Somerset.  Vol. 1 (1906), 323.

3 – Dewar, HSL. The site in relation to neighbouring Roman villas. In Radford, CAR. The Roman site at Catsgore, Somerton. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History96 (1951), 41-77 at 43-51 (specifically 44).

4 – Verbal communication, McDonnell, RRJ (Richard). Somerset County Council claylands aerial photo survey (1985) (ST4830) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

5 – Aerial photograph. HSL UK 71 220 Run 49E 1925. (12/11/1971) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

6 – Aerial photograph. Cartographical Services Ltd 969 4681. (02/08/1981) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

7 – Verbal communication, Nicholas, M (Matthew). Somerset County Council, Heritage Service (22/08/2003) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

8 – Cosh, SR and Neale DS. Roman Mosaics of Britain. Volume II: South-West Britain.  Vol. II (2005), 245-47.

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53765: Roman villa, Littleton, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 491 310 (349152,131072)
  • Fieldwork
  • Excavation (1951, 1952), Littleton Roman villa, Compton Dundon (28549)
  • Geophysical survey (1993), Littleton Roman villa, Compton Dundon (28550)
  • Watching brief (2015), Redlake Farm, Littleton, Compton Dundon (32824)
Details

A Roman courtyard villa was excavated by Hassell in 1827 when a plan of the north block was made. Four mosaics were uncovered and coins, mostly late, from Vespasian onwards were discovered. Re-excavated in 1951 under the direction of C. A. Raleigh-Radford (see PRN 28549). The villa was dated to the early C4 by two Constantinian coins and a silvered bronze spoon. A C2 building, probably of “H” plan dated by a Samian bowl sealed in the foundations was also discovered. Some errors found in the original plan. C1 pottery and a storage pit cut in the subsoil was evidence of native occupation at the time of the conquest. Iron age pottery also found. {1}

In 1993, a geophysical survey (PRN 28550) confirmed the extent of the villa. The surveys confirmed the general location of the villa, but did not add to the interpretation of the building or its wider setting. {3}

Strode Archaeological Society attempted to correlate the results of the previous excavations with some success, using photographs of Ralegh Radford’s excavations. They also carried out field walking in the field to the east and located very limited quantities of Roman material. {4}

The mosaic may have been designed by the Corinian school of mosaicists. {6}

The villa had ranges of rooms on three sides of a south facing couryard with the principal rooms containing mosaics in the N range. The arrangement of rooms with mosaics and their subjects it very similar to that at Pitney (PRN 54407). {7}

References

1 – Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 43 SE 14 (1966) Copy in HER file.

2 – Radford, C A R. The Roman Villa at Littleton.  (c.1953) Unpublished duplicated typescript. Copy in HER file 28549. HER digital source: 22598.

3 – Gater, J. Report on Geophysical Survey: Littleton, Somerset.  Unpublished GSB Prospection report No: 93/20 (1993) Copy in HER file 28550. HER digital source: 22599.

4 – Hollinrake, C and Hollinrake, N. Compton Dundon Parish Survey – Littleton Villa.  Unpublished C and N Hollinrake report (1994) Copy in HER file.

5 – Riley, H. Compton Dundon, Littleton. In Webster, CJ and Croft, RA. Somerset Archaeology 1993.Somerset Archaeology and Natural History137 (1993), 127-156 at 138

6 – Twomey, E. How far do mosaics from Roman villas in Somerset show similar images or styles revealing the work of certain mosiac schools in the area and styles popular at the time.  (2007) A-Level coursework, Richard Huish College. Copy in HER file 53187.

7 – Cosh, SR and Neale DS. Roman Mosaics of Britain. Volume II: South-West Britain.  Vol. II (2005), 245-47.

8 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 103).

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53766: Roman coin finds, Littleton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 490 300 (349000,130000)
Details

24 Roman “third brass” coins were found near Littleton in 1883. Three of Gallienus, six Posthumus, four of Victorinus, three of Claudius II, one of Probus, three of Constantine I, one of Crispus, one of Constans, and two of Magnentius. May have come from one of the nearby villas (PRNs 53764 and 53765 ). No evidence of this being a hoard. No record of these at Taunton Museum. {1}

Two further coins of Magnantius and one of Augustus, found at Compton Dundon, are in the museum. {3}

All marginal finds. {5}

References

1 – Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 43 SE 19 (1966) Copy in HER file.

2 – Page, W. Victoria History of the County of Somerset.  Vol. 1 (1906), 324.

3 – Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 43 SE 5 (1966) Copy in HER file.

4 – Anon (Gray, H St G). Additions to the museum from January 1st to October 12th (council day) 1917.Somerset Archaeology and Natural History, 63 (1917), xxxvi-l (xlvi).

5 – Verbal communication, Dennison, E (Ed). Somerset County Council, Sites and Monuments Record (10/10/1984) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53767: Pound near Castlebrook, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 487 328 (348778,132851)
Details

“Pound” marked on OSAD 6″ map. {1}

References

1 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:10,560 National Grid Series map sheet: ST43SE (1962)

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53768: Field system, Lollover Hill, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 471 322 (347100,132217)
Details

Medieval or post medieval lynchets on side of Lollover Hill. {1}

Groups of banks, lynchets and an area of ridge and furrow on land to the W and SW of Lollover Hill. {2}

A large bank can be traced encircling Lollover Hill, lias stones have been noted at its core. {7}

A circular cropmark was noted on an ap taken in June 1990. The circle is defined by a slight bank outsidea slight ditch. The feature has not been identified on the ground. {8}

References

1 – Verbal communication, Hardwick, J. Somerset County Council (23/08/1977) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

2 – Verbal communication, McDonnell, RRJ (Richard). Somerset County Council claylands aerial photo survey (1985) (ST4632) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

3 – Aerial photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1924 2148. (16/1/1947) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

4 – Aerial photograph. HSL UK 71 220 Run 47E 1998. (12/11/1971) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

5 – Aerial photograph. Cartographical Services Ltd 969 4766. (02/08/1981) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

6 – Aerial photograph. DAP OK4-6. (1989) Copy in HER digital information, prints in archive at Somerset Heritage Centre.

7 – Anon. Strode College Archaeological Field Course. Spring and Summer 1986 Interim Report.  (1986) Unpublished typescript report. Copy in HER file.

8 – Stokes, P. Aerial Photographs 1990.  (1990) Unpublished typescript. Copy in HER file 15968.

9 – Aerial photograph. Aerial Photograph PS902. (June 1990) Copy in Current location unknown.

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53769: Deer park, Dundon Hayes, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 474 326 (347422,132650)
Details

“Parkwood”, printed on OSAD 6″ map. {1}

Area is called “Hayes” which means a small hunting park. {2}

References

1 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:10,560 National Grid Series map sheet: ST43SE (1962)

2 – Verbal communication, Dennison, E (Ed). Somerset County Council, Sites and Monuments Record (16/10/1984) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53770: Duck Decoy, SW of Decoy Farm, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 483 314 (348330,131481)
Details

“Decoy pool” printed on OSAD 6″ map and shown with six pipes in outline “Decoy Farm” and “Decoy Lane” to the N. {1}

The area was known as Red Lake Owned by the Earl of Ilchester in 1769 when it was let to John Nitch for 7 years at a yearly rent of 30. {2}

Six pipe decoy with enclosure rhynes surviving as an earthwork. {4}

Ploughed out and infilled, only location of two pipes visible (SW and centre W). {7}

Dates to 1695 when it was built at a cost of 139 9s 2.5d and by 1720 it was making a profit of 35 per year. {8}

References

1 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:10,560 National Grid Series map sheet: ST43SE (1962)

2 – Ley, IB. Somerset Duck Decoys.  (1977) unpublished typescript. Copy in HER file 53978. (site 2)

3 – McDonnell, RRJ. Duck decoys in Somerset, a gazetteer. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History, 128(1984), 25-30 (29 (site 31)).

4 – Verbal communication, McDonnell, RRJ (Richard). Somerset County Council claylands aerial photo survey (1985) (ST4831) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

5 – Aerial photograph. HSL UK 71 220 Run 49E 1925. (12/11/1971) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

6 – Aerial photograph. Cartographical Services Ltd 969 4681. (02/08/1981) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

7 – Verbal communication, Grove, J (Jan). Somerset County Council, Heritage Service (1995) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

8 – Bettey, JH. The profitability of duck decoys. Notes and Queries for Somerset and Dorset, 32 (1988), 712-14. Copy available in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53771: Windmill site, Windmill Hill, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 495 338 (349513,133885)
Details

“Windmill Hill” marked on OSAD 6″ map. {1}

Windmill marked on the hill in c1660 and on Ogilby’s map of 1675. {2}

Although this is an excellent site for a windmill, on the edge of an exposed scarp, there is now no signs of the windmill. The area is woodland, conifers and beech, and little undergrowth. A stone wall surrounds the likely site but nothing is visible on the ground. {3}

Recorded in the 15th century. In 1558 the tenant was required to build a horsemill in a barn. The horsemill ws last recorded in 1598. By 1616 the windmill, which had been decayed by 1613, was a ruin. It appears to have been rebuilt and worked by 1622. It was last leased in 1677 and by 1714 it had blown down and was not rebuilt. {4}

References

1 – Map: Ordnance Survey 1:10,560 National Grid Series map sheet: ST43SE (1962)

2 – Coulthard, AJ and Watts, M. Windmills of Somerset.  (1978), 46. Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

3 – Verbal communication, Dennison, E (Ed). Somerset County Council, Sites and Monuments Record (25/11/1988) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

4 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 114).

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53772: Windmill, E of Redland Farm, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 495 319 (349599,131900)
Details

“Millway” occurs at this location on the tithe map. {1}

References

1 – Historical source: Compton Dundon tithe map. (1842). Copy available in Somerset Heritage Centre (digital image, fiche and originals). Reference: D/D/Rt/M/341

2 – Coulthard, AJ and Watts, M. Windmills of Somerset.  (1978), 46. Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53774: Lynchets, W of Gilling Down, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 493 323 (349391,132306)
Details

Medieval strip lynchets still in use as modern field boundaries. {1}

References

1 – Verbal communication, Hardwick, J. Somerset County Council (24/08/1977) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


53775: Roman burial and settlement, NE of Lower Hayes Farm, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 469 315 (346931,131533)
Details

Roman burial suggests a settlement here. {1}

No further information on the burial. {2}

Earthworks and vegetational marks centred on ST47003160 suggest sub-surface building remains. Comprise the remains of two rectangular structures with miscellaneous short linear features. {3}

References

1 – Leech, RH. Romano-British Rural Settlement in South Somerset and North Dorset.  (1977) unpublished PhD thesis, University of Bristol. Copy in HER collections.

2 – Verbal communication, Dennison, E (Ed). Somerset County Council, Sites and Monuments Record (16/10/1984) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

3 – Verbal communication, McDonnell, RRJ (Richard). Somerset County Council claylands aerial photo survey (1985) (ST4731) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

4 – Aerial photograph. HSL UK 71 220 Run 47E 1998. (12/11/1971) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

5 – Aerial photograph. Cartographical Services Ltd 969 4760. (02/08/1981) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

6 – Siraut, MC. Compton Dundon. In Dunning, RW (ed). Victoria History of the County of Somerset. 9 (2006) at 103-120 (specifically 103).

Record first compiled on: 1984-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


54959: Fisons advert, Collard Hill, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 486 341 (348679,134178)
Details

Grass marks defining lettering advertising “Fisons”, c100m long by 20m high Sited on the SW facing slope of Collard Hill. {1}

References

1 – Verbal communication, McDonnell, RRJ (Richard). Somerset County Council claylands aerial photo survey (1985) (ST4832B) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

2 – Aerial photograph. HSL UK 71 220 Run 49E 1923. (12/11/1971) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

Record first compiled on: 1985-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


54960: Trackway and earthworks, E of Touch Lane, Compton Dundon

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 496 323 (349658,132349)
Details

Miscellaneous earthworks forming remnant field boundaries and a hollow way E of Touch Lane. {1}

The holloway is possibly the original course of Combe Hollow Lane which lies 40m to the N. {4}

References

1 – Verbal communication, McDonnell, RRJ (Richard). Somerset County Council claylands aerial photo survey (1985) (ST4932) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

2 – Aerial photograph. HSL UK 71 220 Run 49E 1924. (12/11/1971) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

3 – Aerial photograph. Cartographical Services Ltd 969 4683. (02/08/1981) Copy in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.

4 – Verbal communication, McDonnell, RRJ (Richard). (28/10/1985) Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained

Record first compiled on: 1985-10-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15


55334: Cropmark enclosure, Littleton Hill, Somerton

  • Grid Reference
  • ST 493 298 (349327,129889)
Details

APs show vague cropmarks which may be an enclosure. {1}

References

1 – Aerial photograph. DAP XG15-18. (1994) Copy in HER digital information, prints in archive at Somerset Heritage Centre.

Record first compiled on: 1995-05-01 00:00:00, last edited on: 2017-06-05 20:23:15

 

15194 Flint scatter, W of Compton Dundon
15332 Medieval iron-working finds, South Moor, Compton Dundon
15562 Excavation (1989), Court Orchard, Compton Dundon
15636 Second World War Auxilliary Unit base, Combe Hill, Compton Dundon
16671 Rifle range, NE of Compton Dundon
17615 Withies Cottage, Compton Street, Compton Dundon
19561 Milestone, ST 4908 2997, Compton Dundon
19562 Milestone, ST 4937 3147, Compton Dundon
19563 Kennels, Wickham’s Cross, Compton Dundon
19564 Baptist Chapel, Compton Dundon
19565 Milestone, ST 48883298, Compton Dundon
19566 Mission Hall, Ham Lane, Compton Dundon
19567 Fieldwalking (1986), Compton Dundon
19568 Cropmark, Littletone, Compton Dundon
22512 Laws Farmhouse, Compton Street (Northeast side), Compton Dundon
26081 Eighteenth-century Turnpike road, Street Cross to Somerton
26085 Eighteenth-century Turnpike road, Pedwell to Kingweston
28549 Excavation (1951, 1952), Littleton Roman villa, Compton Dundon
28550 Geophysical survey (1993), Littleton Roman villa, Compton Dundon
28557 Watching brief (1997), water pipe trench, Dundon Hillfort, Compton Dundon
29212 Walnut Tree Cottage, Ham Lane, Compton Dundon
31560 Watching brief (2011), St Andrew’s church, Compton Dundon
32048 Observation (1995), Compton Street, Compton Dundon
32049 Medieval or post-medieval wall and pottery finds
32210 Quarrying, Collard Hill, Compton Dundon
32824 Watching brief (2015), Redlake Farm, Littleton, Compton Dundon
36009 Yonder Cottage, Compton Dundon
36314 Orchard Leigh, Compton Street, Compton Dundon
36315 Compton Randle, Compton Dundon
36316 Ivythorn Golf Course, Compton Dundon
36317 Site of Compton Dundon manor house
36318 The Castlebrook Inn, Compton Dundon
36319 Site of beerhouse, Compton Dundon
37484 Late nineteenth-century quarrying, Worley Hill, Littleton, Compton Dundon
44996 Gypsum mine, Gilling Down, Compton Dundon
44997 Coal trial pit, Gilling Down, Compton Dundon
51525 The Cottage, Compton Street, Compton
51526 Holly Cottage, Compton Street (East side), Compton
51527 Lamperts (formerly listed as Lamperts Cottage, Compton Street (East side), Compton
51528 Lilac Cottage, Compton Street, Compton
51529 Tray’s Farmhouse and attached outbuilding to north-west, Compton Street, Compton
51530 Base of Cross, Compton Street, Compton Dundon
51531 The Old Farmhouse (formerly listed as Croppers), Compton Street (west side), Compton
51532 Tudor Cottage, Compton Street (West side), Compton
51533 Willey’s Farmhouse and attached barns, Compton Street (West side), Compton
51534 Lockyer’s Farmhouse, Emblett Lane, Dundon
51535 Barn c.10 metres south of Lockyer’s Farmhouse, Emblett Lane (south side), Dundon
51536 Unnamed cottage about 35 metres south east of the junction with B3151, Ham Lane (North side), Compton
51537 Hurst Farmhouse, Hurst Drove (West side), Compton Dundon
51538 Littleton House, Littleton Hill, Littleton
51539 Bartlett’s Farmhouse, Littleton Lane, Littleton
51540 Manor House, Littleton Lane, Littleton
51541 The Old Tavern, Main Road, Dundon
51542 Redland Farmhouse, Main Road (East side), Compton Dundon
51543 Former Tithe Barn at Castlebrook Farm, Main Road, Compton
51544 Lollover Cottage, Peak Lane, Dundon
51545 The Old Rectory, Peak Lane, Dundon
51546 Badger’s Cottage and attached outbuildings, Peak Lane, Dundon
51547 Church of Saint Andrew, Peak Lane (West side), Dundon
51548 Limbry monument in the churchyard, 4 metres south east of porch, Church of St Andrew, Peak Lane (South side), Dundon
51549 Limbery monument in the churchyard 5 metres south east of Porch, Church of St Andrew, Peak Lane (West side), Dundon
51551 Pickford monument in churchyard, 11 metres south east of porch, Church of St Andrew, Peak Lane (West side), Dundon
51552 Middle Farmhouse, Peak Lane, Dundon
51553 Admiral Hood Monument, Reynald’s Way (South side), Compton Dundon
51558 Merrett monument in churchyard, 10 metres south east of Porch, Church of St Andrew, Peak Lane (West side), Dundon
53757 Church of St Andrew and churchyard, Compton Dundon
53758 Tithe barn remains, opposite Lockyer’s Farm, Compton Dundon
53759 Dundon Beacon, Dundon Hill, Compton Dundon
53760 Dundon hillfort, Compton Dundon
53761 Field system, lynchets and trackway, Collard Hill, Compton Dundon
53764 Roman villa, Littleton
53765 Roman villa, Littleton, Compton Dundon
53766 Roman coin finds, Littleton
53767 Pound near Castlebrook, Compton Dundon
53768 Field system, Lollover Hill, Compton Dundon
53769 Deer park, Dundon Hayes, Compton Dundon
53770 Duck Decoy, SW of Decoy Farm, Compton Dundon
53771 Windmill site, Windmill Hill, Compton Dundon
53772 Windmill, E of Redland Farm, Compton Dundon
53774 Lynchets, W of Gilling Down, Compton Dundon
53775 Roman burial and settlement, NE of Lower Hayes Farm, Compton Dundon
54959 Fisons advert, Collard Hill, Compton Dundon
54960 Trackway and earthworks, E of Touch Lane, Compton Dundon
55334 Cropmark enclosure, Littleton Hill, Somerton

The Somerset HER is managed for Somerset County Council by the South West Heritage Trust

South West Heritage Trust is a charity and a company limited by guarantee registered in England. Registered office: Somerset Heritage Centre, Brunel Way, Norton Fitzwarren, Taunton, Somerset, TA2 6SF. Company number: 09053532. Charity Number: 1158791. VAT Registration Number: 197221592.

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